How do essential oils act

The use of essential oils covers a vast field and can be applied either as a deep and penetrating treatment method or as an art for producing fine perfumes and other beauty and relaxation products.
Main objective of aromatherapy is to enhance the self-curing functions of the organism by stimulating the immune system.
Through massage essential oils are absorbed by the skin in only a few seconds and enter the blood and lymph circulation where their active components have pharmacological effects (for example pain relief). When essential oils are applied locally they have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, fungicidal, healing and regenerating properties. Even when inhaled, essential oils affect the body in a remarkable and effective way. As the molecules of an essential oil’s component enter the nasal cavity they stimulate the olfactory nerve which immediately sends messages to the central nervous system (brain), the centre of emotions, thoughts and memories. This effect can be transmitted via the nervous, endocrine and immune systems and result in relieve or stimulation/revitalization of other systems or organs. The method of inhaling vapour blended with essential oils (for example eucalyptus, pine etc.) has also beneficial results for respiratory problems.
Some of the symptoms and ailments where the use of essential oils is successful are: gastro-intestinal disorders, skin irritations and eczema, PMS, mood disorders, stress related problems, bad blood and lymph circulation, respiratory infections, wound healing, acne, arthritis, muscular pain.
Apart from the positive results of essential oils in relieving symptoms of bodily disorders, the benefits of aromatherapy in maintaining psychical balance are also remarkable. It is said that the volatility of an essential oil (that is the rate of vaporization) is directly connected with its effect on a person’s psychology. Essential oils of “high note” (high volatility) create emotions of euphoria, spiritual uplift and rejuvenation, while “low note” essential oils have sedative and relaxing properties.
Due to their high condensation essential oils are extremely powerful and should never be used undiluted on the skin since they could use irritation, itching, even burns in high doses. Only the essential oils of rose, teatree and lavender can be used directly on the skin.
There are many natural vegetable oils that can be used as essential oil dilutants. Those oils act in synergy with the essential oils accommodating skin permeation and offering their own, unique relieving properties. Indicatively the following are reported: grapeseed oil, olive oil, jojoba, primrose oil, almond oil, calendula, coconut oil, macademia, etc.

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